After entering into Islam by accepting faith (Iman) there are four worship (Ibadat) that become obligatory. These are (1) The Salaah (2) Sayam (Fasting) (3) Zakaah (Charity) and (4) Hajj (Pilgrimage).
What is Hajj ? Hajj is performed by wearing the Ehram and entering the inner limits of the Holy Kaba (also known as Haram Sharif) the Pilgrim (Hajji) must go (seven times) round the Holy Kaba, known as Tawaf (meaning going round and round) and close by there is a place where one has to run and another place where one has to stop for some time and sacrifice is offered and the hair is shaved (for men only) and other things which will be mentioned in detail later, this is Hajj.
The Virtues and importance of Hajj ? Hajj is obligatory and one who does not belive it as an obligatory is a non-believer (Kafir). It is obligatory once in the life time. It is a major sin not to perform the Hajj, to the extent there is fear that one may die as a non-believer and by performing Hajj there is a lot of reward and blessings in performing this obligation. The beloved Prophet Peace and Blessing Upon Him has said, all the sins that one had before performing Hajj, Hajj will get rid of all these sins and he said, Hajj for the weak and for the women is Jihad (Holy War) and he said, the pilgrim will be forgiven and he said, whoever the pilgrim makes supplication (Dua) for him too and he said, on every step one will get Ten Million rewards written in the book of good deeds and he said, the pilgrimage that is accepted the only reward is Paradise and he said, whoever travelled for Hajj and died on the way will enter Paradise without accounting and until the Day of Resurrection will be rewarded with the reward of performing Hajj and there are many rewards, however, we have only listed a few. As soon as a person becomes eligible for Hajj, it becomes obligatory to undertake this pilgrimage at the first available opportunity meaning if this year than this year and to delay is a major sin and if delayed for few years than one will be a sinner and giving witness will not be accepted, however, when the Hajj is performed it will current (Ada) and not out of it?s time (Qaza) .
The time for Hajj and the conditions – The time for Hajj is from the month of Shawwal (10th month of Hijri calender) till the 10th of Dhil-Hajj (the 12th the last month of Hijri calendar). Before Shawwal and after 10th Dhil-Hajj the Hajj can not be performned, however, the Ehram can be worn before this, however, this is makrooh .
There are eight conditions for Hajj, when all are fulfilled Hajj becomes obligtory (Fardh). These conditions are:
(1) To be a Muslim.
(2) If residing in Darul Harb (a city or place which has not had an Islamic ruling) and to have the knowledge of the obligations of religion.
(3) To be an adult. (pass the age of pubity).
(4) To be sane. (meaning it is not obligatory on one who is mental).
(5) To be independent (not a slave).
(6) To be in good health to perform Hajj (meaning Hajj is not obligatory on a handicapped person, a blind and one whose legs have been amputated, or one who is so old and is unable to sit on a transport by themselves, for them Hajj is not obigatory. Rule: If a person was capable in all respects and met the criteria, however, did not perform Hajj and now became handicapped etc. and can not perform Hajj, then the Hajj is still obligatory. If the Hajj can not be performed it should be performned by another person on his behalf .
(7) One should possess enough resources for Hajj, this means leaving the neccessity, one has enough resources that one can travel to Makkah and return and in between can afford the expence for oneself and one who is with him. Leave sufficient money for the household expenses in his absence after meeting all expenses such as travel, transport, stay at the Holy Places etc; this means the money left at home should be suffcient for the family left behind, those dependent on him for their essential necessities, known as Hajjat-e-Asliyah.
What are the necessities ? This means the living accommodation, clothing, servants, riding animals (transport), vocational implements, cooking and eating material, debt (borrowings or dues such as loan) .
One who is dependant upon the business run by themselves, if one can leave such quantity of financial security which would not only meet the demands of the family during his absence, however, would also enable one to resume business with that money, without disturbing the normal affairs of the family. In this case, Hajj shall be obligatory, and similarly if a KASHTAKAR then after meeting all essential expenses, beginning with his departure from and arrival back home, one will have sufficient amount kept at home to bear the expenses of the implements purchase of seeds, (machinery) etc. on return; then Hajj shall be obligatory and similarly????? .
(8) Time: meaning all the conditions are fulfilled within the time of Hajj when one reaches Makkah.
Who are the Mehram? Rule: For a female travelling to Makkah, if the distance is of three days or more then she be accompanied by her husband or a Mehram whether the women is young or old and the husband or the Mehram who she can travel with, for him to be sane, adult, not be a fasiq-wrong doer (commits sins in the open) Rule: If a women went without her husband or without a Mehram she will be sinful, however, if she performs Hajj the Hajj will count meaning the obligation will be fulfilled.
PROCEDURE OF HAJJ
When near the Meeeqat perform ablution (Wudhu) and bath (Ghusl), apply perfume (only for males) and wear the Ehram and offer two rakats of Nafil with the intention (Niyah) of Ehram and after this, recite this supplication:
TRANSLATION:- O Allah! I desire to perform Hajj, so make it easy for me and accept it from me, I have made the intention for Hajj and worn the Ehram specially for Almighty Allah.
After this recite Lab’baik loudly, the Lab’baik is:
After reciting Lab’baik, recite Durood Shareef and read this Dua:
TRANSLATION:- O Allah! I beseech Your Pleasure and the Paradise and I seek Your Refuge from Your Wrath and the Fire of Hell.
Continue reciting the Labaik, when saying it say it three times, this is Ehram now those things that are not permissible in the state of Ehram abstain from them. When reaching the border of Makkah then lower ones head and with respect keeping ones gaze low with love and affectionate and if possible walk with bear feet making Dua and saying Labaik. When you see Makkah stop and pray the following Dua:
TRANSLATION:- O Allah! Grant me comfort by the blessing of the Sacred Kaba and grant me subsistence and pure and clean livelihood in this Holy Place.
And recite Durood in abundance and it is better to have a bath then enter and pray fateha for those who are resting in the cemetery of Jannat ul Mala.
What to do when entering Makkah ? When one begins to enter Makkah pray the following Dua:
TRANSLATION:- O Allah! You are my Lord sustainer and I am Your slave.
After going a little further ahead when one reaches Mud?aa stop here and after waiting a little here, pray with utmost humility and solemnity for the welfare and prosperity for yourself, ones Kith and kin, friends and all the Muslims, for there forgiveness and that one enter Paradise without accounting as this is the time of acceptance and importantly recite the Durood in abundance. At this point say ?Allahu Akbar? three times and ?La ilaha illallahu? three times and pray the following:
TRANSLATION:-“O Allah! Grant us beneficence in this world and in the Hereafter and protect us form the punishment of the Fire of Hell. O Allah! I beseech You of the welfare which Your Prophet besought of You; and I seek You Refuge from the Evil which Your Prophet sought Refuge form.”
Also recite this Dua:
Also recite this Dua at least three times at the place:
TRANSLATION:-“O Allah! This is Your House and I am Your slave. I beseech You of forgiveness and security in the world and the Hereafter for myself, my parents, and for all Momineen, men and women, for Your slave Shamsuddin. O Allah! Grant him victory, a grand victory (Amin)”.
Then moving forward and when reaching Makkah, first of all enter the Masjid-e-Haram, remembering Allah and His Messenger all the time and praying for the success and prosperity of all the Muslims, in this world and in the Hereafter. Reciting the Labaik approach the gate of Bab-us-Salaam and kiss the blessed place entering with the right foot recite this Dua:
Remember this Dua and whenever you enter Masjid-ul-Haram or any other Masjid, recite this Dua and at this point add the following phrases in this Dua:
TRANSLATION:-“O Allah! You are security – peace and the peace returns to Your presence (ultimately). O our Lord! Keep us alive with security and admit us in the Paradise (Daras Satam – the Abode of peace). O our Lord! You are full of Blessing and Highly Elevated, O the Lord with Grandeur and Beneficence. O Allah! This is Your Haram and the Place of Your peace. Forbid and deter the Fire for the Hell to on engulf my flesh, my skin, my face, my blood, my brain and my bones. (Amin)
SKETCH OF KABA SHARIF
When the sight falls on the Holy Kaba recite the following three times: ?La ilaha illal lahu, Wal Lahu Akbar?, recite Durood and this Dua:
Commence Tawaf (going round the Khana-e-Kaba) in the Name of Almighty Allah. The Tawaf begins from the Hajjar-e-Aswad, when one approaches Hajjar-e-Aswad, recite this Dua:
TRANSLATION:-There is no god but Allah the One, He made His Promise True and He helped His (Apostle) servant (against the infidels) and vanquished their forces. He is Absolutely One, He has no Associate ( in His Godhood), The rule of the world belongs to Him, all Praise is due to Him and He has Power (and Authority) over every things.
Before starting Tawaf men must perform Istabaa , now facing the Kaba with the Hajjar-e-Aswad on the right, standing by the Rukn-e-Yaman in such a manner that the full view of Hajjar-e-Aswas remains at his right hand. Now make the intention of the Tawaf saying:
“O Allah! I intend to make Tawaf of Your sacred House, so make it easy for me and accept it from me”.
After the intention face towards the Kaba, moving on the right side and when Hajjar-e-Aswad is in front of you raise both hands so that the palms of the hands face the Hajjar-e-Aswad and say:
Now if it is possible, try keeping the palms at the sides with the face inbetween and kiss Hajjar-e-Aswad three times without making a sound. If one succeeds to touch the Hajjar-e-Aswad with his lips, then regard oneself as the most fortunate that one is blessed with the Divine favor to allow him to kiss the Hajjar-e-Aswad to which the lips of the Holy Prophet Peace and Blessing Upon Him had graced by their holy touch. If on account of public one can not succeed to kiss the Hajjar-e-Aswad, do not resort to push and shove. If one can touch the Hajjar-e-Aswad by the hands, it is enough for him to touch the Hajjar-e-Aswad, and then kiss his hands. If this is not possible then kiss the palms of the hands. This process of kissing is known as Istilaam. At the time of Istilaam recite the following Dua:
“O Allah! Forgive me of my sins and purify my heart and expand my breast and make easy my affair and give me protection and those whom You gave protection”.
“O Allah! I affair my Eiman with You, and testify the Truth of Your Book (The Holy Quran) and fulfill The Promise with You and obey and follow the Sunnah of Your Prophet Muhammad – Peace and Blessing Upon Him – and bear witness that there is no god however, Allah The only One, there is associate with Aim, and I bear witness that Muhammad (Sallahllaho Alaihe Wa Sallam) Abid and apostle. I affirm my Eiman with Allah and denounce (reject) the and the Devil?
Saying this, proceed towards the door of the Kaba and while performing so, when one has passed by the Hajjar-e-Aswad, stand erect and walk in such a manner that the Kaba is on the left. While walking do not trouble any one, if possible it is better to remain close to the Kaba, however, not too close that the body or clothing touch the Kaba, when one reaches the Multazam, recite this Dua:
TRANSLATION:- O Allah! This House is Your House, and The Sacred Place of Your Sacred Place, and The Peace of Your Peace and this is Your Place of protection from the Fire (of Hell), so protect me from the Fire (of Hell). O Allah! give me contentment with what Your have provide me and grant blessing (and affluence) in it and I pray in absence of those who are not present. There is no god however, Allah the One, there is none to associate Him, The governance of the Universe belongs to Him, all Praise is due to Him, and He has Power (and Authority) over every thing.
And when one comes near the Rukn-e-Iraqi, recite this Dua:
O Allah! I seek Your refuge form prevarication (skepticism) and infidelity (disbelief),
And when one reaches Meezaab-e-Rehmat, recite the following Dua:
O Allah! Give me shade below the Shade of Your Throne on the Day when there is no Shade except Your shade and nothing shall survive except Your countenance and make me drink from the Pond of Your Apostle Muhammad -Peace and Blessing Upon Him- the sweet drink after which there shall be thirst for ever.
And when one reaches Rukn-e-Shami, recite the following Dua:
O Allah! Make this as Hajj-e-Mabroor (Rule of Goodness and Blessing) and the endeavour (worthy) of Thankfulness and the trade/business where there is no loss O one Who Knows what is in the heart (breast). Take me away from the darkness towards the Noor, light.
And when one comes to the Rukne-e-yamani, touch it with both hands or kiss it with the right hand, he may also kiss it if so desired; and recite this Dua:
O Allah! I beseech Your Forgiveness and Security in this world and in the Hereafter
Just ahead of the Rukne-e-Yamani there is Mustajab. One may recite the above mentioned Dua or recite:
Or he may only recite Durood Sharif Dua, Durood etc. should not be recited very loudly.
Now after circulating the Kaba one returns to the Hajjar-e-Aswad, this is One Full Circuit. Even at this point offer Istilam at the Hajjar-e-Aswad, in this manner perform six more rounds, meaning a total of seven circuits. In the first three rounds perform Ramal, when one completes seven circuits, one has performed One Tawaf. This is known as Tawaf-e-Qudoom. After Tawaf proceed to Maqam-e-Ibrahim, reciting the verse:
And offer two rakats of Salaah, this is Wajib.
In the first rakat recite, ?Qul Ya Ayuhal Kafiroon? and in the second rakat ?Qul huwallahu Ahad?
After the Salaah make Dua, it states in the Hadith:
O Allah! You know my secrets and open apparent things of mine, therefore accept my excuse You know my needs therefore grant my requests (baggings); You know what is in my self, so forgive my sins. O Allah! I beg you of Eiman (asa) pleasure of my heart and the true certainly. You know only that will befall me what You have written (ordained) for me and make my livelihood (subsistence) as a means of contentment for me what You have apportioned for me O the most merciful of the merciful ones).
After Salaah and Dua proceed to the Multazam and embrace the Multazam near the Hajjar-e-Aswad. Embrace in such a manner that the chest and both the cheeks on the Multazam, spread both the arms over the head and resting on the wall or place the right hand near the door of the Kaba and the left hand towards the Hajjar-e-Aswad and recite this Dua:
After embracing Multazam, proceed to the well of Zam Zam. If possible draw a bucket of water from the well of Zam Zam, otherwise get the water from another person facing towards the Kaba drinking as much Zam Zam to the fill in three breaths whilst standing. Begin with ?Bismillah? and finish with ?Alhamdu Lillah? glancing each time at the Kaba. The remaining water may be poured on the body, the hands, face and make Dua whilst drinking as it is a time of acceptance. The Holy Prophet (Allah’s grace and peace be upon him) has said that the reason for drinking of Zam Zam is for that reason and the Dua for that is this:
O Allah! I beseech You The Knowledge which is Beneficial, the subsistence which is vast (abundant) and the Deed which is worth acceptance (and reward) and The Cure for all diseases (ailments) or the all embracing due quoted earlier).
It is also blissful to look into the Well of Zam Zam from above the ground it also removes rancour and hypocrisy from the heart.
Now, if one is not tired proceed for the Sa?ee. Before proceeding for the Sa?ee go to Hajjar-e-Aswad kiss it if possible keeping the face towards it reciting ?Allahu Akbar Wa Laila ha Il lul Lah Wal Hamdu Lillah? and reciting Durood immediately proceed to the Hill of Safa (leave the Mosque with the left foot and when wearing the footwear commence with the right. Follow this procedure for every Mosque you go to and recite the Dua for coming out of the Mosque that has been mentioned before). Remembering Allah and reciting Durood climb the first step only and do not go future as it is not permissible and before climbing the stairs recite the following:
Then turning towards Kaba, raising both hands upto the shoulder leaving a gap between the hands and make Dua, the length of time which is taken for Dua is twenty five verses of the Surah Baqarah, repeating durood, tasbeeh, Kalama-e-Tayyibah, pray for one’s own self, his parents, friends kith and kin and the Ummah. This is the place when prayers are accepted and pray Dua-e-Jam?i.
INTENTION OF SA?EE -After the Dua make intention for Sa?ee, The intention for Sa?ee is:
O Allah! I intend performing Sa?ee between Safa and Marwah, so make it easy for me and accept it from me.
Then coming down from Safa, proceed towards Marwa making Dhikr and Durood and when reaching the middle, walk swiftly between the marked place with green lights, then walk slowly upto Marwa and climb the first step, to the extent the area around here signifies going up the Marwa this is why do not recline against the wall which is the practice of the ignorant people. Here on account of new structures the view of Kaba is not possible, however, face towards Kaba like one did at Safa. Repeating and reciting Dua and Durood as usual, when one reaches the green area walk swiftly until the green area finishes then walk normally and climb Safa. This completes the second round of Sa?ee. In the same manner proceed from Safa to Marwa this will be the third round then from Marwa to Safa this will be the fourth round, likewise go for the fifth, sixth and seventh round. The seven rounds will finish at Marwa. To walk seven times is called Sa?ee. It will start from Safa and finish at Marwa and in-between Safa and Marwaa and from Marwa to Safa there is a place where one will walk swiftly. Now stay in Makkah until the 8th and repeat the Labaikh and perform Tawaf without Istib?a, Ramal, and Sa?ee and after every seven circuits offer two rakats Nafl Salaah. On the 7th after the Dhur Salaah listen to the sermon (Khutba) in the Mosque.
DEPATURE ON THE 8th FOR MINA – On the eight after Sunrise proceed from Makkah to Mina, reciting Labbaik, Durood and Dua through out the way.
When Mina draws near recite:
?O Allah! This is Mina so grant me the favour of grace and peace with which you have favoured Your Friends?.
After reaching Mina stay for the night. From this day Dhur till fajr of 9th all the Salaah will be offered at Masjid-e-Khaif.
DEPARTURE FOR ARAFAH ON THE 9th ? On the night of the 9th engage in Dhikr and Durood. On the morning of the 9th after the Fajr Salaah engage in Dhikr and Durood until the Sunshines on the hillock of Shabeer then proceed to Arafah, reciting Labbaik, Durood and Dua. As soon as Jabal-e-Rahmat is in sight increase the Dhikr and Dua, as this is the place of acceptance. In Arafah near Jabal-e-Rehmat or any other place you can find stop and stay until afternoon, bath as it is Sunnat-e-Muakedah (Very important), if not possible perform ablution. In the afternoon proceed to Masjid-e-Namra offer the Sunnah and listen to the sermon (Khutba) and pray Salaah with the Imaam, straight away the Takbeer of the Asr Salaah will be called, offer the Asr Salaah with congregation. On this day between the Dhur and Asr Salaah do not talk nor pray any Sunnah and do not offer Nafl after the Asr Salaah.
Immediately after the Asr prayers proceed to the place of stay ?Mauqif? until the Sunsets recite plenty of Durood, and make plenty of Dua. Soon after the Sun has set proceed to Muzdalifah with the Imam. If the Imam takes his time than do not wait for him, on the way make dhkir, durood and Dua, if possible go swiftly weather it be by foot or transport
DEPATURE ON THE 10th NIGHT TO MUZDALIFAH ? If Muzdalifah can be seen then it is better to go by foot and it is better to enter having taken a bath. On entrance recite the following Dua:
O Allah! This is (the Place of) Gathering (of Ummah), so I beseech You the Forgiveness and security in the World and the Hereafter.
After reaching here pass through carefully from Jabal-e-Quzah or wherever convenient. Here offer the combined Prayers of Maghrib and Isha, even if the time of Maghrib prayer has passed; both these prayers shall be offered as regular prayers not Qaza but as Ada, first the Fardh of Maghrib then immediately the Fardh of Isha, then the Sunnah of Maghrib and Isha, then the Witr of Isha. After these Salaah the rest of the night should be spent in Durood, Dua and Dhikr, because this is the most auspicious time and the most auspicious place.
THE STAY OF MASH?AR AL HARAM – The Fajr Prayer will be offered at the early hours after the break of dawn when it is still dark. After the Fajr Salaah on the hills of Mash’ar Al Haraam meaning on the main mountain and if not possible than the nearest and if this is not possible than besides Wadi?e Mohsar where ever a place is available meaning stay at the place like in Arafah and engage in Dhikr and Durood. The time of this wuqoof is from the break of the morning till Sunrise. One who does not come here at this time has missed the Wuqoof.
THE RITES OF THE 10th – Now when the Sunsets TULU E AFTAAB and there is still time for offering two rakats Salaah, proceed to Mina with the Imam and from here pick up seven small stones the size of dateseeds from a clean place and wash them three time and keep them with you. One the way continue reciting the Labaik, Durood and making Dua .
When one reaches the Wadi Mehsar, pass through very quickly and recite this Dua:
O Allah! Perform not Kill us with Your wrath and perform not destroy us by Your affliction and grant us security before this.
When Mina comes to sight, recite this Dua (which has already been quoted above)
O Allah! This is Mina so grant me the Favour of Grace and peace with which you have favoured Your Friends.
When Mina is in sight recite this Dua:
O Allah! Unto You I and I feel fear of Your Punishment and unto You I come back and I feel fright so accept my sacrifice and magnify my reward and have mercy at my humility and accept my repentance and grant my prayers.
And on reaching Mina before performing anything else go to Jamratul Aqbah. Stand at least five feet away as before Makkah in between the NALE stay on the transport, Mina on the right and the Kaba on the left and face the Jamara.
METHOD OF RAMI – Take a stone in the Index finger and the thumb and raising the arm high enough so that the arm pit becomes visible, pray this and throw the stone:
In the Name of Allah, Great is Allah, I strike Shaitan to please Rehman the Most Beneficent. O Allah! Make this as the Hajj-e-Mabroor and the Endeavour of Thankfulness and the Forgiveness of sins.
It is better that the stones reach the Jamara, if not then throw it from three feet, if it falls further away it will not count. In this way throw seven stones one by one and stop reciting Labbaik at the strike of the very first stone. When the seventh stone is thrown do not stay there any longer, at once return reciting Dhikr and Dua. After the Rami perform the Sacrifice (Qurbani). After the Sacrifice pray to Almighty Allah for the acceptance of the Hajj and Sacrife for you and all the Muslims.
After the sacrifice sit facing the Qibla (Kaba) and perform the Halq meaning having the hair of head shaven or trim the hair (as he may desire), however, shaving the head is better. Shaving of head is forbidden for women, they should cut their hair only an inch. Bury the hair, all the things usually removed from the body such as hair, nails etc. should also be buried. Here do not clip the nails before shaving the hair and do not take the beard or the moustache or else a Damm (compensation) will due. If after shaving the hair one trims the moustache, takes the hair below the navel then it is permissible and it is mustahab, however, do not take the beard off. First shave the hair on the right side and then the left reciting:
?Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar Lailaha illal Lahu Wallhu Akbar Wa Lillahil Hamd?
Continue to recite this until all the hair is shaven and recite it after too and when shaving the hair also recite this Dua:
All praise is due to Allah on what he guided us and send reward to us and allowed us to fulfil the rites (etc). O Allah! This forehead of mine is in Your Hand, so make all my hairs a Noor (Divine Light) on the Day of Judgement, and remove evils from me and as a reward of it elevate my status in the lofty Paradise. O Allah! Bless me in my self and accept (endeavours) of mine. O Allah! Forgive me and those who have shaven their heads and trimmed their hairs, O with Vast Forgiveness).
And pray forgiveness for the entire Ummah. Now all things, which were forbidden in the state of Ehram now have become permissible except intercourse with one?s wife or to touch, to kiss or look at them in a lustful manner or their private parts, which are still forbidden. Now after shaving the hair, it is better that today on the 10th to reach Makkah for the Fardh (obligatory) Tawaf, this Tawaf is the second Rukn (Obligation) of Hajj. This Tawaf will be performed the same way like the first Tawaf, however, there is no Istabaa, after this offer two Rakats. Now the women are permissible and the processes of Hajj are now complete. However, proceed to Mina to spend the 11th and 12th night, this is Sunnah, as it is Sunnah to stay in Mina during the 10th night.
RITES OF THE 11th – On the 11th after the Dhur prayer listen to the Khutba (sermon) of the Imam and proceed for Rami. In these days, begin from the first Rami Jamarah, which is near Masjid-e-Khaif. For this Rami come by climbing the hill and if possible face Qibla throwing seven stones like one did on the 10th. After the 7th stone proceed a little facing Kaba raise the hands for Dua in a manner that the palms remain towards the Qibla and stay there for a time it takes to recite twenty verses of the Holy Quran by praising Allah, Durood and other Duas or the most time it takes to pray Surah Baqarah. Then proceed to the Jamarah Wasta for Rami and Dua. Then finally, proceed to the Jamrah Al Aqba for Rami, however, do not stay there, return immediatley making Dua on the way then on the 12th in the same manner after Zawwal (Midday) perform Rami of all three Jamarah.
RITES ON THE 12th ? After perfroming the stoning on the 12th before the Sunsets, depart for Makkah one may stay if desired. Return on the 13th, however, on the 13th afternoon after performing the stoning one will have to leave as this is better. On the last day meaning the 12th or 13th when returning from Mina go to Makkah, get down from the transport at Wadi Mohsab which is situated near Jannat ul Mala, stay there for some time and pray and it is better if all the Salaah until Isha are offered. One may have short sleep and then enter Makkah. Now from 13th until one desires, stay at Makkah, however, until one resides in Makkah continue to perform Umrah(s) and visit Holy Places . When one wishes to leave Makkah perform Tawaf-e-Wida (Farewell) without Ramal and Sa?ee. This Tawaf is Wajib on all those coming from other places. After the Tawaf offer two rakat at Maqame-e-Ibrahim, one can drink the Zam Zam and pour it over one?s self. Then standing at the door of the Kaba, kiss the holy place and pray for the acceptance of the Hajj and the desire to enable to come and perform pilgrimage again and again and recite the Dua-e-Jami or this Dua:
The Beggar has come at Your performor-steps, he begs Your Blessing and belief-full knowledge of You and entertains hope of Your Mercy (O Allah!)
Then come to Multazam and holding the cover (ghilaf) of the Kaba and embracing it make Dhikr, Durood and Dua or recite the following Dua:
All Praise id due to Allah Who guided unto this and we were not able to guide ourselves unless Allah guided us. O Allah! grant us guidance as You have guided us for this and accept it as (endeavour) from us and perform not make this as the last promise (to visit) for Your Sacred House (Bait il Haram) and grant me subsistence to return to it (again and again) so long as You are pleased, In the Name of Your Mercy, O the most Merciful of those who show mercy. And all Praise is due for Allah the Lord sustainer of (all) the worlds and Peace and grace of Allah be on Muhammad (peace be upon him) and his kin and his companions.
Then kiss the Hajjar-e-Aswad and cry reciting this Dua:
O Allah! the Provider of Felicity in His Land, I state witness (or give evidence) of You (Your Favors) and Allah is Sufficient as Witness. I give evidence (stand witness) by (the Faith) that there in no god however, Allah and I also give evidence (asa witness) that Muhammad id The Apostle of Allah and I shall repeat and proclaim this evidence in the Presence of Allah the Most Dignified in the Day of Judgment, the Day of greatest mental distraction. O Allah I stand witness in Your (Your Name) on this (matter) and His great Angels state witness by this (truth). And Allah Peace and grace be on our Master and Chief (saiyad) Hadhrat Muhammad (peace be upon him) and an progeny and companions all together.
Now leaving the Mosque and turning back towards Kaba crying from its separation leave through the doors of Masjid-e-Haram by placing the left foot out and reciting the Dua. It is better to leave the Masjid from Babul Hazwara . Then what ever you can give to the beggars give and proceed to Madinah . On reaching Madinah go to the grave of the Prophet Sallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam.
Among the mentioned rites with the performance of Hajj, some aspects are Fardh, and some are Wajib, while some are Sunnah. If anything among the Fardh is missed then the Hajj is invalid. If any Wajib is missed the Hajj will count, however, it will he incomplete and the Dam (compensation) will become essential and if the Sunnah is missed then there will be reduction in reward.
The following things are Fardh (compulsory) in the Hajj:
2. Wuqoof-e-Arafah (stay at Arafah) (means from Sunset on the 9th Dhil-Hajj till before dawn of the 10th), from this some time is spent in Arfat.
3. Tawaf-e-Ziarat some part meaning atleast four circuits.
5.Tarteeb (Order), meaning first to wear the Ehram, then Wuqoof at Arafah, then Tawaf-e-Ziarat.
6. To perform all Fardh (obligatory) meaning performing the Waqf at the prescribed time (i.e. wuqoof, between 9th afternoon and 10th before the break dawn) and Tawaf Ziarat after the wuqoof. CHECK THIS TEXT IN URDU
7. The Place: meaning Wuqoof on the plains of Arafah, besides Batan Arafah or the place of Tawaf in the Kaba.
In Hajj following things are Wajib:
1. To wear the Ehram from the Meeqat. Meaning one should not proceed ahead of Meeqat without Ehram. It is however, permissible to wear the Ehram before arriving at Meeqat.
2. Sa?ee running between Safa and Marwa.
3. To begin Sa?ee from Safa.
4. To perform Sa?ee on foot.
5. To perform Tawaf before proceeding for Sa?ee.
6. Staying at Arafah during the day and staying till the Sunset and some part of the night becomes visible and to begin the stay for some part of the day after Zawwal is Wajib.
8. To follow the Imam on return from Arafah. However if the Imam for reason is late leaving Arafah, the pilgrim can start early. CHECK URDU TEXT
9. To stay at Muzdalifah and offer Maghrib and Isha combined at Muzdalifah at the time of Isha.
10. Rami: To strike Jamarah on 10th, 11th and 12th meaning to stone on all three days meaning on the 10th only at Jumratul Aqaba and strike stones on